Asthma, Definition of Asthma, Causes and Symptoms, Complications, Diagnosis and Medical Management, (by GS India Nursing).

Asthma of definition:-

A condition in which a Person’s airways become inflamed, narrow and swell and produce extra mucus which makes it difficult to breath.

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of airway caused by allergic response of bronchi resulting in reversible narrowing of airway due to bronchocon-striction ( spasm), congestion and thickening of walls of bronchi and accumulation of mucus. ( Recurrent attack of dyspneoa and wheezing).


Allergies- such as to pollen dust mites, mold animal fur or feathers. Spores Smoke, fumes and pollution. Pet danger or particles of cockroach waste Medicine– particularly anti-inflammatory painkiller like Ibuprofen and aspirin including stress or laughter.


  • Dyspnea.
  • Cyanosis.
  • Wheezing sound.
  • Coughing.
  • Thik sputum.
  • Restlessness.
  • Tachypnea.
  • Excessive discomfort.
  • Weakness.
  • Diaphoresis.
  • Anorexia.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Prolonged expiration.
  • Frequent respiration.
  • Chest pain.
  • Throat irritation.
  • Anxiety.
Symptoms of Asthama


  • Constant fatigue.
  • Frequent leave from work or school due to constant asthma flare-up.
  • Pneumonia.
  • Increase mucus production.
  • Thickening and narrowing bronchial tubes which can become permanent leading to respiratory failure.
  • Respiratory failure.
  • Severe chest pain.
  • Hypoxemia.
  • Pneumothorax.
  • Death.


  • Chest X-ray.
  • Bronchoscopy.
  • Complete blood count.
  • ABG ( Arterial Blood Gases).
  • SpO2 level checking.
  • PFT ( Pulmonary Function Test).
  • Spirometry.

Physical Examination:-

  • Examine your nose, throat and upper airways.
  • Use a stethoscope to listen to your breathing. Wheezing– high pitched whistling sounds when your breath out– is one of the main sign of asthma.
  • Examine your skin for signs your allergic conditions such as eczema and hives.

Medical management:-

Treatment consists of self care and bronchodilators.

Asthma can usually be managed with rescue inhalers to treat symptoms ( Salbutamol) and controller inhalers that prevent symptoms ( steroid) severe cases May require longer-acting inhalers that keep airways open (formoterol, salmotrol, tiotropium), as well as inhalant steroid.

Four strategies for managing asthma.

  • Identify and minimize contact with asthma triggers.
  • Understand and take medications as prescribe.
  • Monitor asthma to recognize signs when it getting worse.
  • Know what to do when asthma gets worse.

I hope that you liked this article……….!!

Thanking you……….!!

By GS India Nursing………!!

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