Asthma of definition:-
A condition in which a Person’s airways become inflamed, narrow and swell and produce extra mucus which makes it difficult to breath.
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of airway caused by allergic response of bronchi resulting in reversible narrowing of airway due to bronchocon-striction ( spasm), congestion and thickening of walls of bronchi and accumulation of mucus. ( Recurrent attack of dyspneoa and wheezing).
Allergies- such as to pollen dust mites, mold animal fur or feathers. Spores Smoke, fumes and pollution. Pet danger or particles of cockroach waste Medicine– particularly anti-inflammatory painkiller like Ibuprofen and aspirin including stress or laughter.
- Wheezing sound.
- Thik sputum.
- Excessive discomfort.
- Shortness of breath.
- Prolonged expiration.
- Frequent respiration.
- Chest pain.
- Throat irritation.
- Constant fatigue.
- Frequent leave from work or school due to constant asthma flare-up.
- Increase mucus production.
- Thickening and narrowing bronchial tubes which can become permanent leading to respiratory failure.
- Respiratory failure.
- Severe chest pain.
- Chest X-ray.
- Complete blood count.
- ABG ( Arterial Blood Gases).
- SpO2 level checking.
- PFT ( Pulmonary Function Test).
- Examine your nose, throat and upper airways.
- Use a stethoscope to listen to your breathing. Wheezing– high pitched whistling sounds when your breath out– is one of the main sign of asthma.
- Examine your skin for signs your allergic conditions such as eczema and hives.
Treatment consists of self care and bronchodilators.
Asthma can usually be managed with rescue inhalers to treat symptoms ( Salbutamol) and controller inhalers that prevent symptoms ( steroid) severe cases May require longer-acting inhalers that keep airways open (formoterol, salmotrol, tiotropium), as well as inhalant steroid.
Four strategies for managing asthma.
- Identify and minimize contact with asthma triggers.
- Understand and take medications as prescribe.
- Monitor asthma to recognize signs when it getting worse.
- Know what to do when asthma gets worse.
I hope that you liked this article……….!!
By GS India Nursing………!!