Deficiency of Folic Acid (Vitamin B-9) causes- Megaloblastic Anemia & Neural Tube Defect (NTD)

The chemical name of vitamine B-9 is folic acid is causes megaloblastic anemia. Folic acid (vita-B-9) deficiency causes Neural Tube Defect (NTD) in the baby during the first trimester of Pregnancy.

Folic acid deficiency causes megaloblastic anemia

Folic acid deficiency causes megaloblastic anemia. Megaloblastic anemia is a from of anemia characteritized by very large red blood cells and a decreased in the number of those cells.

Causes of megaloblastic anemia.

  • Low intake of folic acid
  • Maldigestion
  • Malabsorption
  • Pregnancy
  • Auto immune Disease.

Sign and symptoms of megaloblastic anemia

  • Progressive fatigue
  • Severe weakness
  • Glossitis
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Headache
  • Anorexia
  • Irritability
  • Diarrhea
  • Smooth and tender tongue
  • Difficulty walking
  • Abnormal paleness or lack of lack of color of the skin

Diagnosis of megaloblastic Anemia

  • History Collection
  • Physical examination
  • Blood investigation
  • Serum folate level check-up
  • Schilling test
  • Therapeutic trial of vitamin B12

Mangement of megaloblastic Anemia

  • Reduce of drinking alcohol.
  • Make changes in the Lifestyle
  • Stop smoking
  • Ead vegetables and fruits that contain Vitamin B-12 and folic acid.
  • Multivitamins orally
  • Diet chart to be maintain .

Best Sources of Folic Acid are given below-

Best Sources of Folic Acid-

  • Low-fat milk, yogurt, and cheese.
  • Eggs.
  • Fortified breakfast cereal
  • leafy green vegetables
  • Seafood.
  • Fresh fruits, fruit juices.
  • Peanuts
  • spinach.
  • turnip greens.

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