Medical Terminology/ Nursing Exams Points

Medical terminology of letter-C, D, E.

Cholera – an acute infectious disease characterized by severe in intestinal disturbances.

Cholinergic – relating to the basic compound choline which is essential to the function of liver.

Congestion – the presence of an abnormal amount of blood in the vessels of a part.

Congestive heart failure – inability of heart to maintain cardiac output.

Candidiasis – disease or infection caused by candida species.

Conjuctiva – the delicate transparent membrane which lines the inner surface of the eyelids.

Conjunctivities – inflammation of the conjunctive tissues.

Constipation – a condition in which the bowels are opened incompletely or with difficulty.

Carcinoma – a malignant new growth derived from epithelial and glandular tissue, cancer.

Cardioversion – the condition of heart being turned or placed away from its normal position.

Cheilosis – and eczematous condition of the lips developed due to deficiency of Vitamin B complex in diet.

Chemotherapy – use of chemical agent to arrest the progress of disease in the body, drugs used in bacterial disease including cancer.

Chlamydial infection – infection due to a genus of microorganism responsible for non-specific urethritis , ornithosis, psittacosis and trachoma.

Convulsion – rapidly alternating contractions and relaxation of the muscles violent agitation or disturbance, a violent spasm.

Cytotoxic – any substance which is toxic to cells. Generally applied to anticancer agents, destructive to cell.

Cyanosis – a condition of blueness seen particularly about the face and extremities and the blood is not properly oxygenated in the lungs.

Cushing’s disease – disorder due to elevated levels of Plasma corticoids.

Cough – a sudden indrawing of air with glottis wide open.

Corneal – relating to the clear membrane in front of the eye through which light Passes to it.

Dysuria – difficulty or pain in urination.

Dyspnoea – difficulty in breathing, shortness of breath.

Dysphagia – difficulty in swallowing.

Dyspepsia – indigestion.

Dysmenorrhoea – painful menstruation.

Dysfunction – abnormal functioning of any organ or part.

Debilitate – to produce weakness of tonicity in functions or organs of body.

Decongestant – relief of congestion.

Dementia – a general mental deterioration due to organic or psychological factors.

Depression – mental depression, a psychiatric state representing diminution of activity.

Drowsiness – sleepy condition.

Dysentery – an infectious disease with a local lesion in the form of inflammation and ulceration of lower portion of the bowels, frequent watery stool often with blood and mucus.

Dermatologic – relating to the science of the skin and its diseases.

Dermatophyte – a fungus pathogenic for the skin, a fungal parasite which grows in or on the skin.

Dermatoses – any disease of the skin.

Dermatitis – inflammation of the skin.

Diabetes insipidus – excessive urination caused by inadequate secretion of vasopressin, the antidiuretic hormone.

Diabetes mellitus – a disorder of carbohydrate metabolism. characterized by excess sugar in blood and passage of sugar in urine resulting from inadequate production or utilization of insulin.

Diarrhoea – looseness of bowels, abnormal frequent loosened discharge from the bowels.

Diastolic blood pressure – the point of least pressure in the arterial vascular system.

Dilatation – expansion of an organ, orifice or vessel.

Dizziness – a sensation of whirling or feeling tendency to fall.

Diuretic – promoting the excretion of urine, an agent that increases the amount of urine.

Diuresis – excretion of urine in large volumes.

Distension – swelling, dilation, expansion.

Disinfectant – the process of rendering harmless persons. articles, rooms, etc, which are liable to communicable diseases.

Diplopia – double vision.

Diphtheria – an acute infectious disease accompanied by a membranous exudation on a mucous surface, generally on the tonsils and back of the throat.

Enterococcus – a streptococcus usually found in the intestine.

Endoscopy – examination of the interior of a Canal or hollow viscus.

Endometrium – the mucous membrane comprising the inner layer of the uterine wall.

Eclampsia – convulsions arising in pregnancy.

Effusion – escape of fluid into a part.

Electrolytic – retating to electrolysis or a substance whose solutions are capable of conducting electric current.

Embolism – plugging of a small blood vessel by a transported clot, vegetation, bacteria or other foreign material.

Embolus – an abnormal particle circulating in the blood stream, as an air bubble or blood clot.

Emergence reactions – reaction rising out from a fluid or other surrounding substances.

Emphysema – the presence of air in the the interstices of the connective tissues of a part.

Endocarditis – inflammation of the smooth membrane lining the heart.

Endogenous – originating or produced within the organism or one of its parts.

Endometriosis – a condition in which the cells lining the interior of the uterus is found in other parts of the body.

Extremity – the extreme or terminal point.

Extrasystoles – premature contraction of one or more of the Chambers of the heart.

Extrapyramidal – outside of the pyramidal tracts.

Extrapulmonary – outside of the Pulmonary vein. Applied to other descending motor Pathways.

Extracellular – outside of a cell or cells.

Exophthalamos – protrusion of the eyeballs.

Exoerythrocytic – outside of erythrocytes.

Exocrine – secretion of glands reaching and epithelial surface either directly or through duct.

Euphorbia – a feeling of well – being.

Eunuchoidism – a state in which testes fail to function.

Erythrocytic – relating to red blood carpuscles.

Erythem – reddening of the skin.

Erysipelias – a disease characterized by diffuse inflammation of the skin, or of sub- cutaneous cellular tissue, attendant with fever.

Episode – parenthetic addition, an incident in the course of a series of events.

Epileptic seizure – a nervous attack characterized by sudden loss of consciousness, attendant with convulsions.

Epilepsy – a disease of the brain due to abnormal electrical discharge.

Epigastric – the abdominal region lying directly over the stomach.

Eosinophillia – increased eosinophils in the blood.

Enuresis – involuntary passage of urine, usually occurring at night or during sleep.

Enterohepatic – relating to infections, often fatal, disease affecting the intestines and liver of various wild birds, turkeys and chicken.

I hope that you liked these medical terminologies.

Thanking you!!

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