Medical Terminology/ Nursing Exams Points

Fungistatic – having an inhibiting action upon the growth of fungi.

Fungicide – any substance that has a destructive action upon fungi.

Falciparum malaria – a severe form of Malaria caused by “plasmodium falciparum” characterized by pyroxysms occurring at irregular intervals.

Frostbite – the condition resulting from the action of extreme cold; frostnip.

Fragility – brittleness.

Flatulence – a collection of gas in the stomach or intestine.

Filaria – parasitic, thread like worm causing elephantiasis.

Fibrosis – an increment in fibrous connective tissues.

Gynaecomastia – excessive development of male mammary glands.

Granulomatosis – a disease characterized by multiple granulomas.

Granulocytic – are white blood cell whose cytoplasm contains granules.

Granuloma – a tumour formed of granulation tissue.

Glaucoma – a disease of eye after the age of 50 years.

Glomerular – relating to a compact cluster, as of capillary blood vessels; a cyme condensed into a headlike cluster.

Glossitis – inflammation of tongue.

Gluconeogenesis – formation of glycogen from noncarbohydrate sources such as amino acid are fatty acid.

Glycosuria – the urinary excretion of carbohydrates.

Glucosuria – the urinary excretion of glucose.

Goitre – enlargement of thyroid gland.

Gonorrhoea – an inflammatory disease affecting the mucous membrane of urethra in males and that of vagina in the female.

Gout – a constitutional disorder connected with excess of uric acid in the blood and inflammation of joints and morbid changes in organs.

Gametocyticide – agents affecting gamete producing cells.

Gangrene – death of a part of the body; of necrosis or death of tissue usually due to deficient or absence of blood supply.

Gastric – relating to stomach.

Gustritis – inflammation of the stomach.

Gastroenteritis – inflammation of the mucous membrane of both stomach and intestine.

Germicidal – a substance that destroys germs.

Germicide – an agent which is destructive to germs or microbes.

Hallucination – errors in perception, affecting some sense organs.

Haemostatic – arresting the flow of blood within the vessels; arresting hemorrhage.

Haemostasis – arrest of bleeding.

Haemorrhoids – it consist of a vericose and ofter inflammed condition of the veins about the lower end of the bowel.

Haemorrhage – escape of blood from the vessels which naturally contain it; bleeding.

Haemolysis – disintegration of elements in the blood.

Haematuria – blood in the urine.

Haematopoiesis – the process of formation of development of various types of blood cells.

Haematological – branch of Medical Science devoted to the study of diseases of the blood.

Haematoma – a swelling filled with blood.

Hypoxia – diminished amount of oxygen in tissues.

Hypothyroidism – a condition due to deminution or absence of the secretion of the thyroid hormones.

Hypothermia – fall in the body temperature.

Hypotensive – denoting low blood pressure, unusual low blood pressure.

Hypotension – low arterial blood pressure.

Hypoprothrombinaemia – deficiency of prothrombin in the blood which retards its clotting ability.

Hypoproteinemia – decrease in amount of protein in blood.

Hypoplasia – excessive smallness of an organ or part, arising from imperfect development; excessive formation of cells.

Hypomagnesaemia – abnormally low level of magnesium in the blood.

Hypokalaemia – the presence of an abnormally small concentration of potassium ions in the circulating blood.

Hypogonadal – inadequate gonadal function; defective internal scerections of gonads.

Hypoglycaemia – an abnormally high concentration of glucose in the circulating blood.

Hypochloremia – a condition of blood in which its content of calcium is below normal.

Hypocalaemia – abnormally low levels of calcium in the circulating blood; low concentration of calcium.

Hypnotics – measures including drugs which produce sleep.

Hyperventilation – abnormally rapid, deep breathing; overbreathing usually due to anxiety.

Hyperuricaemia – abnormal amount of uric acid in the blood.

Hay fever – an allergic condition of the mucous membrane of the eye, nose and ear passages.

Hematopoietic – a process relating to the formation of blood cells.

Hemeralopia – dry blindness.

Hemolytic – the condition caused by the destruction of red blood cells and the resultant escape of haemoglobin.

Hepatic – relating to liver.

Hepatitis – inflammation of the liver.

Hepatotoxicity – liver toxicity.

Hypercalcaemia – abnormally low levels of calcium in the circulating blood.

Hyperglycaemic – relating to abnormally high concentration of glucose in circulating blood.

Hyperglycaemic – relating to abnormally high concentration of glucose in circulating blood.

Hyperglycemia – a hereditary metabolic disorder, reported only in males, resulting in an abnormally high glycine levels in the blood.

Hyperkinesis – excessive motility, excessive muscular activity,

Hyperpyrexia – and excessive degree of fever.

Hypersensitive – abnormal sensitivity to a stimulus of any kind.

Hypertensive – rise in blood pressure.

Hyperthyroidism – excessive activity of thyroid gland.

Hypertonic – having a greater degree of tension.

Immunosuppressant – agent suppressing immunity.

Impairment – loss of function or activity.

Impotence – inability to perform the sexual act.

Inanimate – not alive.

Indomethacin – a drug used in the treatment of Gout and rheumatoid arthritis.

Infection – multiplication of microorganisms in the body.

Infertility – failure to reproduce.

Inflammation – reaction of living tissue to injury, infection or irritation, characterized by pain, swelling, redness and heat.

Influenza – an acute viral infection of the upper respiratory tract, characterized by a sudden onset of fever, aches and pains.

Ingestion – administration into stomach by oral route.

Insecticide – an agent used to kill insects.

Insomnia – wakefulness: inability to sleep.

Intoxication – poisoning.

Intracranial – structures and diseases contained or rising within the head.

Intraocular – within the eyeball.

Iritis – inflammation of iris.

Ischaemia – reduced blood supply.

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