*Let us see some of the questions asked in Nursing exams, in short form and in alternate form*
Q 1. What is the vaccine that leaves a permanent mark in children called?
A – DPT
B – Measles
C – BCG
D – Pentavalent
Q 2. What is the full form of MTC?
A – Maximum treatment corner
B – Malformation treatment centre
C – Malnutrition treatment centre
D – All of these
Q 3. A baby born after how many days or weeks of pregnancy is called a post term baby?
A – 42 week
B – 38 week
C – 40 week
D – 44 week
Q 4. A substance that stimulates the growth of antibodies?
A – Antiserum
B – Antigens
C – Anti toxin
D – none of these
Q 5. At approximately what degree angle is the uterus located to the vaginal tract?
A – 90°
B – 60°
C – 120°
D – 45°
Q 6. Under Article 21A of the Constitution, the provision of free and compulsory education has been made to the children of which age?
A – 10 to 18 years
B – 6 to 14 years
C – 7 to 14 years
D- 6 to 21 years
The answers to the above given optional questions are given below,
Ans 1- C – BCG
Ans 2- C- Malnutrition treatment centre
Ans 3 – A – 42 week
Ans 4 – B – Antigens
Ans 5 – A – 90°
Ans 6 – B – 6 to 14 years
**Things to note**
Malnutrition treatment centre,
Malnutrition Treatment Center (MTC) is a unit in a health facility where children with Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) are admitted and managed. Children are admitted as per the defined admission criteria and provided with medical and nutritional Therapeutic Care.
What is malnutrition treatment center?
In Jharkhand, Malnutrition Treatment Centres (MTCs) have been established to provide care to children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM). The study examined the effects of facility- and community based care provided as part the MTC program on children with severe acute malnutrition.
How is malnutrition treated?
Treatment involves ensuring the person’s diet has enough energy (kilojoules), protein, vitamins and minerals. The best way is through eating small, frequent meals that are high in nutrients. Some people may need nutritional supplements as well. A doctor may also suggest altering medications or visiting the dentist.
Can we solve malnutrition?
One of the solutions to malnutrition is Ready-to-Use Therapeutic Foods (RUTFs), which have been developed in the form of peanut-butter based pastes and biscuits that are nutrient-rich and packed with high concentrations of protein and energy. RUTFs reduce exposure to water-borne bacteria as they contain no water.
How is malnutrition treated in adults?
Treating underlying conditions in your body that cause malnutrition. Changing a restricted diet for medical conditions such as diabetes. Recommending a daily calorie intake that’s appropriate for you. Recommending needed vitamin and mineral supplements.
What is the best vitamin for malnutrition?
High-dose vitamin D supplements improve weight gain and help with the development of language and motor skills in severely malnourished children, our latest study has found. Severe acute malnutrition is the most extreme and visible form of undernutrition.
How can we solve malnutrition in rural areas?
We’re encouraging them to eat a variety of locally available foods in adequate quantities and combinations, consume foods that are fortified with essential micro-nutrients, eat nutritious snacks between meals, use micro-nutrient supplements in consultation with a doctor, seek prompt treatment for HIV-related conditions.
How can malnutrition be controlled and prevented?
Four main strategies – dietary improvement, including increased production and consumption of micronutrient-rich foods; food fortification; supplementation; and global public health and other disease control measures – can be implemented to overcome micronutrient malnutrition.
How do you prevent nutrient deficiencies?
Evaluate your diet,
Getting nutrients from your diet while avoiding processed foods, fast foods, and sugars is the ideal way to avoid a nutrient deficiency. Food sources include: Calcium: Dairy products (milk, yogurt, or cheese), sardines, calcium-fortified orange juice, and dark green leafy vegetables.
A substance that enters the body and starts a process that can cause disease. The body then usually produces substances (antibodies) to fight the antigens.
What exactly are antigens?
Any substance that causes the body to make an immune response against that substance. Antigens include toxins, chemicals, bacteria, viruses, or other substances that come from outside the body.
What are antigens and what is their function?
An antigen is a molecule that stimulates an immune response by activating leukocytes (white blood cells) that fight disease. Antigens may be present on invaders, such as bacteria, viruses, parasites, fungi, and transplanted organs, or on abnormal cells, such as cancer cells.
How do antigens work?
Antigens are substances (usually proteins) on the surface of cells, viruses, fungi, or bacteria. Nonliving substances such as toxins, chemicals, drugs, and foreign particles (such as a splinter) can also be antigens. The immune system recognizes and destroys, or tries to destroy, substances that contain antigens.
Are viruses antigens?
“Antigens” are molecular structures on the surface of viruses that are recognized by the immune system and are capable of triggering one kind of immune response known as antibody production.
What is difference between antigen and antibody?
An antigen is a disease agent (virus, toxin, bacterium parasite, fungus, chemical, etc) that the body needs to remove, and an antibody is a protein that binds to the antigen to allow our immune system to identify and deal with it.
What are Covid antigens?
Antigen tests, the other major type of coronavirus test, while much faster, are less accurate. Antigens are substances that cause the body to produce an immune response – they trigger the generation of antibodies. These tests use lab-made antibodies to search for antigens from the SARS-CoV-2 virus.
Are pathogens and antigens the same?
Pathogens are microbes that can infect the body and cause illness. Antigens are parts of the pathogen that alert the body to an infection. Immune cells can recognize antigens to target and remove a pathogen from the body, thereby stopping or even preventing an illness.