Difference between communicable and noncommunicable diseases & it’s Examples

In this article, we will understand about communicable and noncommunicable diseases and their examples:

1.*What is communicable diseases and their Examples?

2.*what is non-communicable diseases and their examples?

1. *What is communicable diseases and their Examples?

Communicable diseases are those diseases which can be transferred from one person to another through air, water, bodily fluids etc. & It is caused by pathogens such as bacteria, virus, protozoa, fungus etc.

Examples of Communicale diseases are-

  • Coronavirus (Covid-19)
  • Malaria
  • Dengue
  • Ebola Virus
  • Influenza/ Flu
  • Cold
  • Salmonella
  • Swine Flu
  • Birds Flu
  • Tuberculosis (TB)
  • Typhoid
  • Cholera
  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B
  • Hepatitis C
  • Hantavirus
  • Meningitis
  • Pink Eye
  • MRSA
  • Mumps
  • Measles
  • Zika Virus
  • Sexually Transmitted diseases ( STDs)
  • Rabies
  • Scabies
  • Norovirus
  • West Nile Virus
  • Chikungunia virus
  • Shigellosis
  • Poliomyelitis
  • Chicken pox
  • Diphtheria
  • Pertussis etc.

**Know more about Communicale Diseases-

Communicable diseases spread from one person to another direct or indirect.such as from an animal to a person, spreads often airborne viruses or bacteria and also through blood or bodily fluid. All these terms infectious and contagious are also used to describe communicable disease.

2.*what is non-communicable diseases and their examples?

Non communicable diseases are those diseases which can not be transmitted one person to another person. It is caused by nutrition deficiencies (malnutrition) and allergies, illness due to internal factors, environmental changes etc.

Examples of non-communicable diseases are-

  • Diabetes,
  • Cancer
  • Heart Disease
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Allergies
  • High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
  • Low Blood Pressure ( Hypotension)
  • Obesity
  • Night Blindness
  • Rickets
  • Heart Attack / Strokes
  • Beri-Beri
  • Xerophthalmia
  • Osteoporosis
  • Osteomalacia
  • Goitre
  • Anemia
  • Pellagra
  • Scurvy
  • Chronic Respiratory disease
  • Cheilosis
  • Alzheimer’s
  • Asthma
  • Mental and Neurological Conditions
  • Inferlity etc.

*Risk Factors of non-communicable Disease–

  • Unhealthy diet
  • Tobacco products uses
  • Harmful uses of alcohol
  • Smoking
  • Physical inactivity
  • Air Pollution

**I hope you all liked this article.

Thanking you…!!

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