👉Which stage is usually episiotomy labour done? (सामान्यतः episiotomy labour की किस स्टेज में की जाती है?), What is the removal of a tumor or a particular tissue from breast cancercalled?

Episiotomy Stage (Nursing Exams Question)

👉Let us see some of the questions asked in Nursing exams, in short form and in alternate form

Q.1. What is the removal of a tumor or a particular tissue from breast cancer called?(ब्रेस्ट कैंसर से किसी की ट्यूमर या किसी विशेष ऊतक (tissue) को निकालने को क्या कहते
हैं?)

A. Hysterectomy

B. Lumpectomy

C. Cordotomy

D. Mastectomy

Q.2. Along with the uterus, the removal of fallopian tubes and ovaries is also called? (गर्भाशय के साथ ही fallopian tube व ovaries को भी हटाने को क्या कहते हैं? )

A. Panhysterectomy

B. Splenctomy

C. Oopherectomy

D. Hysterectomy

Q.3. What is it called to make an opening in the stomach for nutrition (पोषण के लिए पेट (stomach) में opening बनाने को क्या कहते हैं?)

A. Gastrectomy

B. Gastroenterology

C. Gastrostomy

D.Thoracostomy

Q.4. Is the eye donation removed from the provider’s eye?( नेत्रदान में प्रदाता की आंख से निकाला जाता है? )

A. Cornea

B. Retina

C. Iris

D. None of these

Q.5. What is the hemoglobin level in a newborn? (नवजात शिशु में हीमोग्लोबिन का स्तर कितना होता है?)

A. 10 gram %

B. 18 gram %

C. 22 gram %

D. 28 gram

Q. 6. What period children are called toddlers? (टोडलर किस अवधि के बच्चों को कहा जाता है?)

A. 0 to 5 years

B. 0 to 12 months

C. 1 to 3 years

D. 3 to 6 years

Q. 7. Which stage is usually episiotomy labour done? (सामान्यतः episiotomy labour की किस स्टेज में की जाती है? )

A. 1st stage में

B. 2nd stage में

C. 4th stage में

D. 3rd stage में

Q.8. What is the most common type of congenital heart diseases ? (जन्मजात ह्रदय रोंगो का सर्वसामान्य प्रकार कौन सा हैं? )

A. ASD

B. VSD

C. PDA

D. COA

Q. 9. Which type of hepatitis is known as serum hepatitis ?(हेपेटाइटिस का कौन सा प्रकार सीरम हेपेटाइटिस के नाम से जाना जाता है ? )

A. Hepatitis C

B. Hepatitis A

C. Hepatitis B

D. Hepatitis D

Q.10. Which medicine will be used if mensuration does not come after contraceptive medicine? (गर्भनिरोधक दवा पश्चात यदि मासिक धर्म नहीं आए तो कौन सी दवा का प्रयोग किया जाएगा?)

A. Progesterone

B. Clonidine

C. Clomiphene/ क्लोमीफीन

D. Estrogen

👉The answers to the above given optional questions are given below,

Ans. 1. B. Lumpectomy/लम्पेक्टोमी

Ans. 2. A. Panhysterectomy

Ans. 3. C. Gastrostomy/ गस्टरोस्टोमी

Ans. 4. A. Cornea/कार्निया

Ans.5. B. 18 gram %

Ans.6. C. 1 to 3 years

Ans.7. B. द्वितीय stage में

Ans. 8. B. VSD

Ans.9. C. Hepatitis B

Ans.10. C. Clomiphene/ क्लोमीफीन

👉Explanation of some points,

Lumpectomy,

Lumpectomy (lum-PEK-tuh-me) is surgery to remove cancer or other abnormal tissue from your breast. During a lumpectomy procedure, the surgeon removes the cancer or other abnormal tissue and a small amount of the healthy tissue that surrounds it. This ensures that all of the abnormal tissue is removed.

Is lumpectomy major surgery?

Lumpectomy is a commonly performed surgery but still major surgery with risks and potential complications. Later on, additional treatments may be required following a lumpectomy such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy. For non-cancerous (benign) tumors, a lumpectomy may suffice.

How painful is a lumpectomy?

Lumpectomy is performed under anesthesia; hence, the procedure itself is not painful. After the surgery and recovery from anesthesia, patients may experience pain, which usually resolves in a few days and can be minimized with painkillers prescribed by the doctor.

How long is recovery after lumpectomy?

Healing time after surgery can range anywhere from a few days to a week. After a lumpectomy without a lymph node biopsy, you’re likely to feel well enough to return to work after two or three days. You can usually resume normal physical activities, like going to the gym, after one week.

Panhysterectomy,

THE term “panhysterectomy” means complete removal of the uterus, including the cervix.

Panhysterectomy procedure,

AbdominaI panhysterectomy designates extirpation of the entire uterus, incIuding the cervix, by the abdomina1 approach; vaginal panhysterectomy refers to the remova of the uterus and cervix through the vagina.

Gastrostomy,

Gastrostomy is the creation of an artificial external opening into the stomach for nutritional support or gastric decompression. Typically this would include an incision in the patient’s epigastrium as part of a formal operation.

What is the purpose of a gastrostomy tube?

A tube inserted through the wall of the abdomen directly into the stomach. It allows air and fluid to leave the stomach and can be used to give drugs and liquids, including liquid food, to the patient. Giving food through a gastrostomy tube is a type of enteral nutrition.

How long does a gastrostomy tube last?

How often does the tube need replacing? Gastrostomy tubes vary in the length of time to replacement. Most original gastrostomy tubes last up to 12 months and balloon tubes last up to 6 months.

How do you do a gastrostomy?

The endoscope is inserted through the mouth and down the esophagus, which leads to the stomach. After the endoscopy tube is inserted, the skin over the left side of belly (abdomen) area is cleaned and numbed. The doctor makes a small surgical cut in this area. The G-tube is inserted through this cut into the stomach.

Cornea,The cornea is the transparent part of the eye that covers the front portion of the eye. It covers the pupil (the opening at the center of the eye), iris (the colored part of the eye), and anterior chamber (the fluid-filled inside of the eye). The cornea is responsible for focusing most of the light that enters the eye.

What causes a damaged cornea?

Injuries to the outer surface may be due to: Abrasions -Includes scratches or scrapes on the surface of the cornea. Chemical injuries – Caused by almost any fluid that gets into the eye. Contact lens problems – Overuse, poor fit, or sensitivity to contact lens care solutions.

What is the cornea of the eye?

The transparent part of the eye that covers the iris and the pupil and allows light to enter the inside. Anatomy of the eye, showing the outside and inside of the eye including the eyelid, pupil, sclera, iris, cornea, lens, ciliary body, retina, choroid, vitreous humor, and optic nerve.

Hepatitis B,A serious liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus that’s easily preventable by a vaccine.
This disease is most commonly spread by exposure to infected bodily fluids.

What is the main cause of hepatitis B?

Hepatitis B is a vaccine-preventable liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Hepatitis B is spread when blood, semen, or other body fluids from a person infected with the virus enters the body of someone who is not infected.

Is hepatitis B very serious?

Chronic hepatitis B can develop into a serious disease resulting in long-term health problems, including liver damage, liver failure, liver cancer, and even death.

Clomiphene,Clomifene, also known as clomiphene, is a medication used to treat infertility in women who do not ovulate, including those with polycystic ovary syndrome. Use results in a greater chance of twins. It is taken by mouth once a day, with a course of treatment that usually lasts for 5 days.

Why would a man take clomiphene?

Clomid for men is used when a low sperm count is caused by low testosterone levels. In some men, a low sperm count is caused by a low testosterone level. It might seem logical to give more testosterone to a man with a low testosterone level; however, doing so can actually decrease his sperm count.

VSD,Ventricular septal defect,

A heart defect due to an abnormal connection between the lower chambers of the heart (ventricles).
A ventricular septal defect is a common heart defect most often present at birth, but it can occur in adults after surgery or a heart attack. It involves a hole in the wall between the heart’s lower chambers.

Thanks!!

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