Which of the following disease is caused by parasites? (निम्नलिखित में से कौन-सा रोग परजीवी के कारण होता है?), Who gets kala – Azar disease?, Which vitamin is called the vitamin of beauty-

👉Let us see some of the questions asked in Nursing exams, in short form and in alternate form

A Disease is caused by parasite……by GS India Nursing Academy

Q 1. Which of the following disease is caused by parasites? (निम्नलिखित में से कौन-सा रोग परजीवी के कारण होता है?)

A. Malaria

B. Dengue

C. Cholera

D. Rabies

Q 2. Who gets kala – Azar disease? (काला-अजार रोग किससे होता है?)

A. by sand fly

B. by Aedes mosquito

C. By Tse-Tse Fly

D. by female Anopheles mosquito

Q 3. Which of the the following disease is caused by protozoa?(निम्नलिखित में से कौन सी बीमारी प्रोटोजोआ द्वारा हो जाती है?)

A . Chicken pox

B. Kala azar

C. Measles

D. Polio

Q 4. How much vitamin C is needed per day for an adult?(एक वयस्क के लिए विटामिन C की प्रतिदिन की कितनी आवश्यकता होती है? )

A. 20 mg/day

B. 90 – 100 mg/day

C. 40 – 60 mg/day

D. 10 mg/day

Q 5. How much recommended energy is required daily for an Indian person ? (एक भारतीय व्यक्ति के लिए प्रतिदिन Recommended ऊर्जा की कितनी आवश्यकता होती है? )

A. 3000 कैलोरी

B. 4000 कैलोरी

C. 2800 कैलोरी

D. 1500 कैलोरी

Q 6. Which vitamin is called the vitamin of beauty? (ब्यूटी विटामिंस के नाम से किस विटामिन को जानते हैं?)

A. Vitamin D

B. Vitamin B

C. Vitamin C

D. Vitamin E

Q 7. Niacin deficiency leads to which of the following? (नियासिन की कमी से निम्न में से क्या हो जाता है ? )

A. Scurvy

B. Beri beri

C. Pellegra

D. Anemia

Q 8. Which antibody crosses the Placenta and provides immunity to the baby?(कौन सा एंटीबॉडी अपरा को पार कर शिशु को प्रतिरक्षा प्रदान करता है ?)

A. Ig G

B. IgA

C. Ig M

D. Ig E

Q 9. Operation theatre is sterilized by? (ऑपरेशन थिएटर का निर्जीवाणुकरण किसके द्वारा किया जाता है? )

A. glutaraldehyde

B. Formaldehyde gas

C. Autoclave

D. Phenol

Q 10. What is a hospital acquired infection called? (अस्पताल से प्राप्त संक्रमण क्या कहलाता है? )

A. opportunistic infections

B. central infection

C. nosocomial infection

D. somatic infection

👉The answers to the above given optional questions are given below,

Ans. 1. A. Malaria

Ans. 2. A. by sand fly

Ans. 3. B. Kala azar

Ans. 4. C. 40 – 60 mg/day

Ans. 5. C. 2800 कैलोरी

Ans. 6. D. Vitamin E

Ans. 7. C. Pellegra

Ans. 8. A. Ig G

Ans. 9. B. Formaldehyde gas

Ans. 10. C. nosocomial infection

👉Some explanation,

Malaria,called: plasmodium infection,

A disease caused by a plasmodium parasite, transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes.
The severity of malaria varies based on the species of plasmodium.

What is the main cause of malaria?

Malaria is caused by the Plasmodium parasite. The parasite can be spread to humans through the bites of infected mosquitoes.

What antibiotics treat malaria?

It is available in tablets, capsules, and an oral liquid formulation. Two equally effective types of doxycycline are available, doxycycline hyclate and doxycycline monohydrate. Doxycycline can be prescribed by itself for the prevention of malaria or in combination with another medicine for treatment of malaria.

by sand fly,Sandfly is a colloquial name for any species or genus of flying, biting, blood-sucking dipteran encountered in sandy areas. In the United States, sandfly may refer to certain horse flies that are also known as “greenheads”, or to members of the family Ceratopogonidae.

What disease is caused by sandfly?

Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease that is found in parts of the tropics, subtropics, and southern Europe. Leishmaniasis is caused by infection with Leishmania parasites, which are spread by the bite of infected sand flies. There are several different forms of leishmaniasis in people.

Kala azar,

Black fever,

A disease caused by infection with leishmania parasites.
Visceral leishmaniasis is spread by sandfly bites. This type of leishmaniasis affects the internal organs, usually the spleen, liver and bone marrow.

How kala-azar is caused?

Kala azar is caused by bites from female phlebotomine sandflies-the vector (or transmitter) of the leishmania parasite. The sand flies feed on animals and humans for blood, which they need for developing their eggs.

Vitamin E,

What is vitamin E Good for?

Vitamin E is a nutrient that’s important to vision, reproduction, and the health of your blood, brain and skin. Vitamin E also has antioxidant properties.

Does vitamin E cause weight gain?

Vitamin E is a fat-soluble antioxidant vitamin. If taken in high doses, it can build up in your body fat and cause complications.

Pellegra,Pellagra is a disease that occurs when a person does not get enough niacin (one of the B complex vitamins) or tryptophan (an amino acid).

What are the symptoms of pellagra and how is it caused?

Pellagra is a systemic disease that results from severe vitamin B3 (Niacin) deficiency. Mild deficiency may go unnoticed, but a diet chronically low or without Niacin may result in the 4 D’s: diarrhea, dermatitis, dementia, and possibly even death. Usually diarrhea will occur before the other D’s.

nosocomial infection,

A nosocomial infection is contracted because of an infection or toxin that exists in a certain location, such as a hospital. People now use nosocomial infections interchangeably with the terms health-care associated infections (HAIs) and hospital-acquired infections.

Why are nosocomial infections important?

Nosocomial infections have a considerable impact on morbidity and mortality and are estimated to affect more than 2 million patients in U.S. hospitals annually. Table 51-4 summarizes major studies that have examined mortality, length of stay, and costs associated with the major nosocomial infections in U.S. hospitals.

Formaldehyde gas,Formaldehyde is a naturally occurring organic compound with the formula CH₂O. The pure compound is a pungent-smelling colorless gas that polymerises spontaneously into paraformaldehyde, hence it is stored as an aqueous solution. It is the simplest of the aldehydes.


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