A vaccination is a short that contains of vaccine. A vaccine is a medicine that helps protect you from certain diseases. During pregnancy vaccinations help protect both you and your baby. Make sure your vaccinations are current before you get pregnant. And talk to your health care provider about vaccinations that are safe to get during pregnancy.
Which vaccines are recommended before pregnancy?
Some vaccines are recommended before pregnancy, are given below-
- MMR (stands for measles, mumps and rubella).
- Flu (also called influenza).
- Varicella (also called chickenpox).
- HPV (stands for human papillomavirus).
- Hepatitis A and B.
- Haemophilus Influenzae Type b (also called Hib).
Before you get any vaccination, tell your provider ,if you have any severe allergies or if you have ever had a severe allergic reaction to a vaccine. An allergy is a reaction to something you touch, eat or breathe in that makes you sneeze, itch, get a rash or have trouble breathing. For example, some vaccines are made with eggs. If you are allergic to eggs, those vaccines may cause an allergic reaction for you. If you have allergies, your provider can tell you which vaccines are safe for you. And you may need to get the vaccine at your provider’s office or at a hospital or health clinic so you can get treatment quickly if you have an allergic reaction.
Which vaccinations are recommended before pregnancy?
If you are thinking about getting pregnant, get a preconception check up. This is a medical checkup you get before pregnancy to help make sure you are healthy when you get pregnant. At your checkup, ask your provider if you need any vaccinations and how long to wait after getting them to try to get pregnant.
If you have a copy of your vaccination record, share it with your provider. If you do not have a copy, your provider can do blood tests in most cases to find out what vaccinations you need.
Your provider may recommend these vaccination before you get pregnant.
Flu (also called influenza ). Get a flu shot once a year during flu season (October through May). The flu is a serious disease that can cause fever, chills, cough, sore throat, body aches, vomiting and diarrhoea. Getting the flu when you are pregnant increases your risk of preterm labour and preterm birth (labour and birth before 37 weeks of pregnancy). Babies born prematurely may have more health problems and may need to stay in the hospital longer than babies born later .The flu shot is safe to get before and during pregnancy.
There are many different flu viruses, and they are always changing. Each year a new flu vaccine is made to protect against three or 4 flu viruses that scientists think are going to be most common during the upcoming flu season.
HPV (stands for human papillomavirus). HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection (also called STI, sexually transmitted disease or STD) in the the this country. An STI is an infection you can get from having unprotected sex or intimate physical contact with someone who is infected. HPV can cause genital warts are cervical cancer. You can not get the HPV vaccine during pregnancy ,so if you need it, get it before you get pregnant.
MMR (stands for measles, mumps and rubella). You probably got the MMR vaccine as a child, but you may need a booster shot (another dose) as you get older. Before you get pregnant, ask your health care provider for a blood test to see if you are immune to measles, mumps and rubella .If you do get a booster shot, get another blood test after the shot to check your immunity again before you get pregnant wait 4 weeks after you get an MMR vaccination before you get pregnant.
Measles spreads easily and can cause rash, cough and fever. It can be harmful during pregnancy and can cause miscarriage .Miscarriage is when a baby dies in the womb before 20 weeks of pregnancy . Mumps can cause fever ,headache and swollen glands in the face and neck .Rubella can cause mild flu -like symptoms and a rash. IT can cause serious problems during pregnancy, like miscarriage, stillbirth, premature birth or congenital rubella syndrome( also called CRS )Stillbirth is when a baby dies in the womb after 20 weeks of pregnancy .CRS main cause a baby to be born with one or more birth defects ,including heart defects, vision problem and hearing problems.
Varicella (also called chicken pox). chicken pox spreads easily and can cause itchy skin, rash and fever. If you get chicken pox during pregnancy. It can cause birth defects .Birth defects are health conditions that are present at birth. They change the shape or function of one are more parts of the body . Birth defects can cause problems in overall health, how the body develops how the body works .If you are thinking about getting pregnant and have not had chicken pox or been vaccinated for it, tell your provider. This vaccination is not safe to get during pregnancy. If you need it, get it before you get pregnant. Wait one month after you get one month after you get this vaccination to get pregnant.
Other vaccination your provider mein recommended vaccinations to protect you against the other diseases , depending on your risk. These include:
Pneumonia. This is an infection in one or both lungs.
Meningitis. This is an infection that cause swelling in the brain and spinal cord .
Hepatitis A and B. Theses are liver infection caused by the hepatitis A and B viruses.
Haemophilus Influenzae Type b (also called Hip ).
Vaccination and pregnancy postpartum care key points.
Vaccination and pregnancy key points. Make sure your vaccinations are up to date before you get pregnant.
When you do get pregnant, talk to your healthcare provider about vaccinations that are safe to get during pregnancy .
Vaccination can help protect you from certain infections that can harm you and your baby during pregnancy.
Vaccinations you get during pregnancy help keep your baby safe from infection during the first few months of life until he gets his own vaccinations.
pregnant and breastfeeding people who want to get vaccinated against covid-19 may choose to do so.
What vaccinations are not recommended during pregnancy?
These vaccination are not recommended during pregnancy .
BCG for tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is caused by bacteria that usually infects the lungs.
varicella zoster to protect you against singles, which causes a painful rash .
If you had any of these vaccinations before you knew you were pregnant, tell your provider.
What vaccinations are recommended after pregnancy?
If you have not caught up on vaccinations before or during pregnancy ,do it after your baby’s born. This can help protect you from diseases in future pregnancies.
If you did not get the T dap vaccine before or during pregnancy ,get it right after you give birth. IT takes your body two weeks to build up protection after getting vaccinated. once that happens, you are less likely to pass partussis to your baby. Your baby gets his first purtussis vaccination at 2 months old until then, the best way to protect him is to get vaccinated your self and keep him away from people who may have purtussis. care givers, close friends, relatives and anyone else who spends time with your baby should get a T dap vaccine at least two weeks before meeting your baby.
Your provider may recommanded other vaccinations after you give birth. Most babies do not start getting most vaccinations until they are two month old. By getting vaccinated, you can help keep from getting sick and passing and illness to your baby.
If you are breast-feeding, most vaccinations are safe for you and your baby .Tell your provider you are breast-feeding before you get any vaccination to make sure it is safe.
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