How many stages of labor are there? A.5, B.2, C. 4, D. 3, (Midwifery and Gynecology)

How many stages of labor?(Midwifery and Gynecology Question)

**Let us see, some of the questions asked in Nursing exams, in short form and in alternate form** –

Q 1. How many stages of labor are there?

A – 5

B – 2

C – 4

D – 3

Q 2. How much does a full term baby placenta weigh?

A – 1 : 4

B – 1 : 2

C – 1 : 6

D – 1 : 8

Q 3. The uterus is visible at 8 weeks of gestation ect ?

A – Small unriped pear

B – Large orange

C – Size of grape fruit

D – Cricket ball

Q 4. What is it called to keep a dead fetus in the uterus for a few weeks?

A – Incomplete abortion

B – Recurrent abortion

C – Missed abortion

D – Complete abortion

Q 5. What is the total inability to conceive for one or more reasons called?

A – Sterility

B – Infertility

C – Imotence

D – Fertility

**The answers to the above given optional questions are given below,**

Ans. C – four

Ans. C – 1 :  6

Ans. B – Large orange

Ans. C – Missed abortion

Ans. B – Infertility

**Things to note,**

Stages of labor ;

The stages of labor and delivery,

a ) First stage: Dilation of the cervix (mouth of the uterus).
b) Second stage: Delivery of the baby.
c) Third stage: Afterbirth where you push out the placenta.
d) Fourth stage: Recovery.


The first stage of labour lasts from the time when you start having contractions until your cervix is fully dilated. Stage one is broken down into the early phase, the active phase and the transition phase. The second stage is when the baby is actually delivered, usually lasting from 20 minutes to two hours.

full term baby placenta weigh;

The ability of the fetus to grow and thrive in utero depends on the placental function and the average weight of the placenta at term is 508 g. The ratio between placenta weight and birth weight of the newborn is 1:6. However, methods of measurement vary widely particularly due to differences in placental preparations.

Missed abortion;

A missed abortion is a nonviable intrauterine pregnancy that has been retained within the uterus without spontaneous abortion. Typically, no symptoms exist besides amenorrhea, and the patient finds out that the pregnancy stopped developing earlier when a fetal heartbeat is not observed or heard at the appropriate time.

What causes a missed abortion?

Causes of missed abortion generally are the same as those causing spontaneous abortion or early pregnancy failure. Causes include anembryonic gestation (blighted ovum), fetal chromosomal abnormalities, maternal disease, embryonic anomalies, placental abnormalities, and uterine anomalies.

How is missed abortion treated?

Misoprostol is a non-invasive, effective medical method for completion of abortion in missed abortion. Sublingual misoprostol of 600 ug or vaginal misoprostol of 800 ug may be a good choice for the first dose. The ideal dose and medication interval of misoprostol however needs to be further researched.

What is the difference between miscarriage and missed abortion?

A missed abortion is a miscarriage in which your fetus didn’t form or has died, but the placenta and embryonic tissues are still in your uterus. It’s known more commonly as a missed miscarriage. It’s also sometimes called a silent miscarriage. A missed abortion is not an elective abortion.

How common is a missed abortion?

Missed miscarriages only occur in about 1-5% of pregnancies, so they are not exceptionally common. In the case of most miscarriages, the pregnancy began exactly as it should. The fertilised eggs implant in the uterus, signaling your body to produce hormones to prepare you to carry a baby to term.

How long does a missed abortion last?

No treatment (expectant management),
If it is an incomplete miscarriage (where some but not all pregnancy tissue has passed) it will often happen within days, but for a missed miscarriage (where the fetus or embryo has stopped growing but no tissue has passed) it might take as long as three to four weeks.

How can missed abortion be avoided?

Here are some tips that may help prevent miscarriage: Be sure to take at least 400 mcg of folic acid every day, beginning at least one to two months before conception, if possible. Exercise regularly. Eat healthy, well-balanced meals.

What are the complications of missed abortion?

The most frequent complications of missed abortion are uterine hemorrhage, infection, and malignant transformation. Treatment of women with missed abortion consists of administration of abortifacient agents and curettage.

What does a missed miscarriage look like?

Bleeding during miscarriage can appear brown and resemble coffee grounds. Or it can be pink to bright red. It can alternate between light and heavy or even stop temporarily before starting up again. If you miscarry before you’re eight weeks pregnant, it might look the same as a heavy period.

Infertility ;

Not getting pregnant, despite having carefully timed, unprotected sex for one year.
The cause of infertility may be difficult to determine but may include inadequate levels of certain hormones in both men and women, and trouble with ovulation in women.

What infertility means?

In general, infertility is defined as not being able to get pregnant (conceive) after one year (or longer) of unprotected sex. Because fertility in women is known to decline steadily with age, some providers evaluate and treat women aged 35 years or older after 6 months of unprotected sex.

What causes infertility?

Overexposure to certain environmental factors, such as pesticides and other chemicals, and radiation. Cigarette smoking, alcohol, marijuana, anabolic steroids, and taking medications to treat bacterial infections, high blood pressure and depression also can affect fertility.

What are the types of infertility?

– Primary infertility refers to couples who have not become pregnant after at least 1 year having sex without using birth control methods.
– Secondary infertility refers to couples who have been able to get pregnant at least once, but now are unable.

How do I know if I am infertile?

The main symptom of infertility is the inability to get pregnant. A menstrual cycle that’s too long (35 days or more), too short (less than 21 days), irregular or absent can mean that you’re not ovulating. There might be no other signs or symptoms.

Can infertility be cured in females?

In women, infertility is treated with: Fertility drugs and hormones to help the woman ovulate or restore levels of hormones. Surgery to remove tissue that is blocking fertility (such as endometriosis) or to open blocked fallopian tubes.

Can infertile woman have periods?

The short answer to this question is yes. You can certainly struggle with infertility and still have a period every month. Most fertility problems arise from an ovulation disorder that could influence your period. But your struggles with conception could be caused by other factors.


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