Anatomy is the study of the structure and identity of body parts, while physiology is the study of how these parts function and relate to one another. “‘John William Draper'” wrote the book human physiology.
Anatomy refers to the internal and external structures of the body and their physical relationships. Anatomy is a branch of the field of morphology. Morphology encompasses the internal and outward appearance of an organism (E.x. is shape, size, pattern) as well as form and location of external and internal structures (E.x. bones and organs anatomy). A specialist in anatomy is called an anatomist. Anatomy is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts. Anatomy is a branch of natural science which deals with the structural organization of living things. It is an old science, having its beginnings in prehistoric times. In Anatomy and Physiology, you are going to learn about body systems, organs, muscles, bones, tissue types, nerves, organ systems, immune system, cells, and more. Microscopic anatomy involves the use of optical instruments in the study of the tissues of various structures, known as histology, and also in the study of cells.
Anatomy “Greek anatomy, ‘”dissection”‘ is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts. Anatomy is a branch of natural science which deals with the structural organization of living things. It is an old science, having its beginnings in prehistoric times. Anatomy is inherently tied to developmental biology, embryology, comparative anatomy, evolutionary biology, and phylogeny, as these are the processes by which anatomy is generated, both over immediate and long- term timescales. Anatomy and physiology, which study the structure and function of organisms and their parts respectively, make a natural pair of related disciplines, and are often studied together. Human anatomy is one of the essential basic sciences that are applied in medicine. The history of anatomy is characterized by a progressive understanding of the functions of the organs and structures of the human body.
Anatomy and Physiology (Difference Between)
The word ,anatomy means -structure, while physiology refers to, function. We can elaborate by saying that anatomy is the detailed study of different body parts, their organization, and their interrelationship, but how these body parts and organs play their specific role in a coordinated manner is termed as physiology.
The difference between anatomy and physiology give two examples of each-
Difference between anatomy and physiology is that anatomy is the study of the human structure and physiology is the study of how it functions. Anatomy helps in teaching individuals about various organs of the body. If we are studying the anatomy of the heart, it means study about arteries, veins etc. If we are studying the physiology of heart, it means understanding how the heart pumps blood all across the body. Anatomy provides information about structure, location, and organization of different parts of the body that is needed to truly understand physiology. Anatomy and physiology explain the structure and function of the different components of the human body to describe what it is and how it works.
The key concepts in anatomy and physiology
Human anatomy studies the way that every part of a human, from molecules to bones, interacts to form a functional whole. specific core concepts, as follows:- evolution, homeostasis, causality,energy, structure/function; cell theory, levels of organization,cell–cell communication, cell membrane, flow down gradients, genes to proteins, interdependence, mass balance, physics/chemistry, and scientific reasoning. Anatomy is the study of the structure of the body. Often, you may be more interested in functions of the body. Functions include digestion, respiration, circulation, and reproduction. Physiology is the study of the functions of the body. The body is a chemical and physical machine. Physiology investigates the processes and mechanisms that allow a living thing to survive, grow, and develop.
Types of Anatomy
Microscopic anatomy is subdivided into cytology ‘the study of cells’ and histology ‘the study of tissues’.
Anatomy is closely related to physiology ‘study of function’, biochemistry ‘chemical processes of living things’, comparative anatomy ‘similarities and differences between species’, and embryology ‘development of embryos’.
Physiology helps us to understand how the body works in health and how it responds and adapts to the challenges of everyday life. IT also helps us to determine what goes wrong in disease, facilitating the development of new treatments and guidelines for maintaining human and animal health. Physiology is the science of life. It is the branch of biology that aims to understand the mechanisms of living things, from the basis of cell function at the ionic and molecular level to the integrated behaviour of the whole body and the influence of the external environment. It also helps us to determine what goes wrong in disease, facilitating the development of new treatments and guidelines for maintaining human and animal health. Physiologists study every aspect of the way human and other animal bodies work. Some physiologists investigate the behaviour of individual proteins in single cells. Others are researching the interaction of cells in tissues, organs and systems or study the integration of these systems to control the whole complex organism. This work provides the foundation for many biological and clinical sciences, including medicine and veterinary science.