Midwifery & Gynecology keywords

  • Pregnancy- Pregnancy, also known as gestation, is the time during which one or more offspring develops inside a woman.
  • Quickening- perception of active fetal movements by the pregnant women is known as quickening.
  • Quickening- quickening is felt about 18-20 weeks of pregnancy.
  • Amenorrhea- absence of menstruation.
  • Dysmenorrhea- Menstrual cramps, dysmenorrhea is the medical term for painful menstrual periods which are caused by uterine contractions.
  • Primary dysmenorrhea- Primary dysmenorrhea is the cramping pain that comes before or during a period.
  • Secondary dysmenorrhea- secondary dysmenorrhea is caused by a disorder in the reproductive organs. The pain tends to get worse over time and it often lasts longer than normal menstrual cramps.
  • Metrorrhagia- Abnormal bleeding, bleeding from the uterus that occurs in between periods, may occur every few weeks and the flow may be heavier than usual.
  • Oligomenorrhea- Oligomenorrhea is a condition in which you have infrequent menstrual periods.
  • Atocia- the incapability of a woman to conceive and give birth to children.
  • Dystocia- Dystocia means a slow or difficult labor or birth.
  • Fertilization- Fertilisation occurs when a sperm fuses with the female act during intercourse and further forms an egg that gets implanted in uterus of the female.
  • Lochia- the normal discharge from the uterus after childbirth.
  • Types of lochia- there are three types of lochia i.g. Lochia rubra, Lochia serosa, Lochia alba.
  • Lochia rubra- vaginal discharge during first four days after delivery.
  • Lochia serosa- vaginal discharge during 5-8 days after delivery.
  • Lochia alba- vaginal discharge during 9-14 days after delivery.
  • Hysterectomy- A hysterectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the womb (uterus).Many women have a hysterectomy. It’s more common for women aged 40 to 50.
  • Azoospermia- Azoospermia may occur because of an obstruction in the reproductive tract or inadequate sperm production. It is associated with male infertility but many forms are amenable to medical treatment. In humans, azoospermia affects about 1% of the male population and may be seen in up to 20% of male infertility situations in Canada. Azoospermia is the Medical condition of a man whose semen contains no sperm.
  • Aspermia-Aspermia is the complete lack of semen with ejaculation. It is associated with infertility.
  • Asthenozoospermia- Asthenozoospermia is the medical term for the reduced sperm motility in a man’s semen sample
  • Polyzoospermia- Polyzoospermia is a condition of abnormally high sperm count in the ejaculate.
  • Oligospermia- Oligospermia is a male fertility issue characterized by a low sperm count.
  • Necrozoospermia- Necrozoospermia is a condition in which there is a low percentage of live sperms and a very high percentage of immotile spermatozoa in semen.
  • Teratozoospermia- teratozoospermia is an increase in the concentration of abnormal sperms in the man’s semen.
  • STDs (sexually transmitted diseases)/venereal diseases example are HIV/AIDS syphilis, Gonorrhea, Chancroid, Hepatitis-B, Chlamydia, Pubis lice, HPV (human papillomavirus), trichomoniasis vaginitis, Genital Herpes, Donovanosis etc.

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