Nursing Officers SGPGI Exams, RML, DSSSB, ESIC UPSC Nursing Officers Exams MCQ Test Series

Q1. The contraceptive method that also offer protection against sexually transmitted infection is:
A. Withdrawal method
B. Intrauterine device insertion
C. Oral contraceptive use
D. Latex condom use

Q2. Breastfeeding is contraindicated in:
A. Typhoid
B. Tuberculosis
C. Hepatitis C
D. Cardiomyopathy

Q3. The nurse would expect to find in newborn with birth asphyxia:
A. Ketosis
B. Hypocapnea
C. Hyperoxia
D. Acidosis

Q4. Expressed breast milk can be stored at room temperature for how many hours:
A. 8
B. 16
C. 4
D. 24

Q5. All the following rich in iron; Except:
A. Liver
B. Milk
C. Fish
D. Spinach

Q6. Highest energy yielding food group is::
A. Protein
B. Fats
C. Sugar
D. Carbohydrates

Q7. Carpal tunnel syndrome is caused by the compression of:
A. The ulnar nerve
B. The median nerve
C. The radical nerve
D. The femoral nerve

Q8. Which is the first sensation to be lost in leprosy?
A. Touch
B. Pain
C. Temperature
D. Deep pressure

Q9. BMI greater than 30 is considered as:
A. Stout
B. Obese
C. Overweight
D. Bulimia

Q10. An early warning sign for the cancer of the lung is:
A. Persistent cough
B. Dysphagia
C. Aphasia
D. Unusual bleeding

Q11. Destruction of alveolar wall is known as:
A. Bronchitis
B. Pneumonia
C. Asthma
D. Emphysema

Q12.  Orchitis is:
A. Cancer of testes
B. Inflammation of testes
C. Inflammation of scrotum
D. Inflammation of ovary

Q13. Concave lens is used to correct:
A. Presbyopia
B. Myopia
C. Astigmatism
D. Hyperopia

Q14. Which electrolyte is extracellular fluid cation?
A. Chloride
B. Bicarbonate
C. Potassium
D. Sodium

Q15. One tablespoon is equal to-
A. 20 ml
B. 30 ml
C. 15 ml
D. 5 ml

Q16. During which week does the fetal heart begins pumping it’s own blood?
A. 6th week
B. 4th week
C. 5 th week
D. 3rd week

Q17. How often can a donor give blood?
A. Every 6 months
B. Every 3 months
C. Every 2 months
D. At any time

Q18. Which of the following signs and symptoms indicate salicylate toxicity?
A. Slow pulse rate
B. Ringing in ears
C. Chest pain
D. pink coloured urine

Q19. The size of intravenous cannula used for neonates is:
A. 20
B. 22
C. 24
D. 28

Q20. The pH of arterial plasma in healthy individuals is:
A. 7.2
B. 7.6
C. 7.4
D. 7.5

Q21. Which of the following is a risk for acute pancreatitis?
A. Trauma
B. Gall stones
C. Alcohol ingestion
D. All of the above

Q22. The major class of immunoglobulin present in human serum is:
A. IgG
B. IgM
C. IgA
D. IgE

Q23. Which vaccine Stored at the Freezer compartment of refrigerator?
B. Hepatitis B vaccine
C. DTwP-hepatitis B-Hib (pentavalent)

Q24. A food item commonly associated with bacillus cereus food poisoning is:
A. Fried rice
B. Baked potato
C. Honey
D. Green beans

Q25. Which vaccine is contraindicated in child with history of convulsions?
C. Typhoid
D. Measles

The answers to the above MCQ questions are given below

Q1.Ans**D. Latex condom use

Q2.Ans.**C. Hepatitis C

**Contraindications to Breastfeeding**
–Mother using an illicit drug. lymphotropic virus type I or type II or Ebola virus infection, infants with classic galactosemia, maple syrup urine disease, and phenylketonuria. brucellosis and when she is on medications like anticancer or radioactive compounds.

**Recent studies:: There is no documented evidence that breastfeeding spreads HCV. Therefore, having HCV-infection is not a contraindication to breastfeed. Hepatitis C is not spread by sharing eating utensils, breastfeeding, hugging, kissing, holding hands, coughing, or sneezing.

**Note-The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and World Health Organization (WHO) recommend that all people with hepatitis B should be encouraged to breastfeed their newborns.

Q3.Ans.**D. Acidosis

**Acidosis:: A build-up of acid in the bloodstream or body fluids.

**Symptoms of asphyxia at the time of birth may include: Not breathing or very weak breathing. Skin color that is bluish, gray, or lighter than normal, Low heart rate.

**Newborns with asphyxia may show signs of injury to one or more organ systems, including the following: Heart: Poor color, low blood pressure. Lungs: Difficulty breathing and low oxygen levels. Brain: Lethargy, seizures, or even coma.

Q4.Ans.**C. 4

**Freshly expressed or pumped milk can be stored: At room temperature (77°F or colder) for up to 4 hours.

Q5.Ans.**B. Milk

Q6.Ans.**B. Fats

Q7.Ans.**B. The median nerve

Q8.Ans.**C. Temperature

***Note– Temperature is the first sensation that is lost. Patients cannot sense extremes of hot or cold. The next sensation lost is light touch, then pain, and, finally, deep pressure.

Q9.Ans.**B. Obese

Q10.Ans.**A. Persistent cough

**Note– The most common symptoms of lung cancer are: A cough that does not go away or gets worse. Coughing up blood or rust-colored sputum (spit or phlegm) Chest pain that is often worse with deep breathing, coughing, or laughing.

Q11.Ans.**D. Emphysema

**Emphysema consists of a unique pattern of alveolar destruction, resulting in marked airspace enlargement with reduction of alveolar capillary exchange area.

Q12.Ans.**B. Inflammation of testes

***Note– Orchitis is defined as the inflammation of the testicle unilaterally or bilaterally usually caused by viruses and bacteria. Testes are two oval male reproductive organs situated in the scrotum.

Q13.Ans.**B. Myopia

Q14.Ans.**D. Sodium // सोडियम

**Within the extracellular fluid, the major cation is sodium and the major anion is chloride. The major cation in the intracellular fluid is potassium.

Q15.Ans.**C. 15 ml

Q16.Ans.*”C. 5 th week

Q17.Ans.**B. Every 3 months

Q18.Ans.**B. Ringing in ears

Q19.Ans.**C. 24

Q20.Ans.**C. 7.4

Q21.Ans.**D. All of the above

***Conditions that can lead to acute pancreatitis include: Gallstones. Alcoholism. Certain medications.

Q22.Ans.**A. IgG

Q23.Ans.**D. OPV

Q24.Ans.**C. Cardiovascular disease

**Atherosclerosis mean:: The build-up of fats, cholesterol and other substances in and on the artery walls.
A buildup of cholesterol plaque in the walls of arteries, causing obstruction of blood flow. Plaques may rupture, causing acute occlusion of the artery by clot.

Q25.Ans.**A. Fried rice

Q26.Ans.**B. DPT

**It is known that infants and young children who have had febrile or non-febrile convulsions are more likely to have convulsions after pertussis vaccine

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